The National Statistical Institute has started work on a project ‘Global Value Chains and Multinational Enterprises in Business Statistics' according to a Grant agreement with the European Commission No. 101100585 - 2022-BG-GVC-MNE.
Work package 1 of the action on ‘Global value chains survey - supplementary questions’ aims to deepen the first global value chains (GVC) survey under the Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2019 on European business statistics by collecting supplementary questions and providing more detailed information on all survey modules, most notably the GVC arrangements, international sourcing, and its motivations and barriers.
Work package 2 of the action on ‘Further development of global value chains statistics’ aims to link the GVC survey 2021 results with the Structural business statistics (SBS), Foreign affiliates statistics (FATS) and other relevant data at the enterprise level to produce annual statistics on key variables and indicators on global value chains. Ways to create new statistics will also be explored, such as defining the GVC and international sourcing intensity at the enterprise level and grouping enterprises for analytical purposes.
Work package 3 of the action on ‘Profiling’ will study the globalisation and the increasing complexity of the activities of Multinational Enterprises (MNEs), which pose challenges to the production of business statistics and to the correct and consistent reflection of MNEs’ activities in national statistics.
In order to fulfil the general objective of the project, the following main activities are planned:
For Work package 1
- Development of electronic questionnaire with supplementary questions to the GVC survey;
- Execution of the survey and evaluation of the data;
- Production of the data collected through the supplementary questions.
For Work package 2
- Testing the data and developing the methodology and tools to extrapolate/estimate key indicators on GVCs and create completely new indicators;
- Production of the final data linking the GVC survey 2021 results with other business statistics;
- Production of the final data for completely new indicators that will enhance GVC analysis.
For Work package 3
- In collaboration with the national users to select two MNEs;
- To do the updated European Profiling methodology for initial or follow-up profiling as the country of GDC for two economically significant multinational groups (ref. year 2022);
- To do profiling as partnering country for requests received by partnering countries in at least 20 groups from which we have an invitation to participate;
- Data shall be reported in the Interactive Profiling Tool (IPT) for each enterprise group profiled, by November 30, 2023;
- To Communicate the updated Ultimate controlling institutional unit (UCI) information on the reference year 2023, discovered while carrying out European profiling for the reference year 2022, as well as an indication of relevant restructuring cases to the responsible domain managers in the national statistical offices.
The expected results from the project are:
- Production of the results on the additional questions to the GVC survey, covering the reference period 2021 - 2023, according to the Eurostat requirements;
- Production of key indicators on GVC and international sourcing for two years following the study period, in which the GVC survey is not required to be conducted, according to Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
- Profiling of the selected MNEs applying the updated European Profiling methodology;
- Deepening the cooperation between profilers and experts from other departments and directorates in the field of multinational enterprise groups and their data;
- Preparation of a methodological report for each work package of the project.
The duration of the project is 36 months and will end in December 2025.