First edition of statistical compendium of Principality of Bulgaria already in digital format

Image of the first page of publication Statistical compendium of Principality of Bulgaria 1897
Statistical compendium of Principality of Bulgaria 1897

On the eve of the national day of the Republic of Bulgaria – March 3, and 120 years since the first statistical compendium of the Principality of Bulgaria has been published Digital library of the National Statistical Institute provides free online access to digital copies of the publication.

The Compendium was published by the Statistical Topographic Department at the Headquarters of the Army in 1897. Captain Atanasov was the compiler.

The publication contained information on state structure, territory, geography, ethnography, farming and stockbreeding. Information for the king’s family and succession to the throne, for Bulgarian shield of state, state seal and flag.

In the issue an information about legislative and executive authority, Supreme Audit Office, the administrative division of the country, financial and customs departments, judicial and church governance structure was included.

The hydrography of the country – rivers, lakes, Black Sea and Aegean Sea basin, was presented in details.

Demographic data occupied a substantial part of the publication, as comparisons were made between the results of the Censuses in 1888 and 1893. Population movement was published in counties and districts.

The publication contained statistical data and maps on the composition of the population by religion, mother tongue, literacy, gender, population density, etc.

Agricultural and industrial productivity was presented by data and analyzes, and livestock – by statistical maps.

Population census 1934 in digital format

Image of the first page of publication Population census 1934
Population census 1934

The digital library of the NSI provides users of statistical information the possibility of free online access to 1 605 pages of the digital collection ‘Census of Population and Housing Fund in the Kingdom of Bulgaria on 31 December 1934’, which is published for the first time on the Internet.

On December 31, 1934 began the ninth general population census in the Kingdom of Bulgaria. It was carried out under the Law on General Censuses and Decree No. 2 from April 18, 1934.

The objects of the census were population, buildings, industrial, commercial and other establishments, and the goal was to establish the number of surveyed units and their distribution on important for the state and science indications.

The organisation of the census was entrusted to state and municipal employees. The control over the work of the enumerators was assigned to agent-supervisors and municipal authorities and mayors had the responsibility to assist its correct and lawful conduction.

Allocated were the necessary time and resources to prepare the population for participation in the Census. As part of the awareness campaign, in December 1934 employees of the General Directorate of Statistics organized and held conferences in all cities and many villages in the districts. In order to win the trust of the population were conducted lectures, leaflets were printed and articles and appeals were published in the daily newspapers. Bulgarian teachers were called upon not only to take a direct and active participation, but also to arouse their interest in population census. The Ministry of Education prescribed for the teachers in the period 17 to 20 December to explain the students in two class hours the benefit from it and to familiarise them with all kinds of census maps and the ways of filling them.

The enumeration began at the appointed day across the whole country, in all 5 752 settlements. With this nationwide task are involved 45 112 enumerators, and 6 151 of them were agent-supervisors. Every enumerator accounted for 135 enumerated persons.

For the first time were collected data on education of the enumerated persons and economically active persons were registered by their main occupation under new nomenclature of occupations.

Two digital collections on the Internet

Census of January 1, 1893
Census of January 1, 1893

The Library of the National Statistical Institute has published “Census of January 1, 1888” and “Census of January 1, 1893.” digital collections.

Users of statistical information have free of charge online access to nearly 10,000 digital pages statistical information about the population by age, marital status, birthplace, residence, mother tongue, literacy, nationality, towns, districts and others.
The two censuses conducted after the Unification of the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia (January 1, 1888 and January 1, 1893), are extremely valuable not only for their times, but from a historical perspective.
Object of study is the population in a wide range of demographic indicators, and the one from 1893 – the housing too. These initial attempts of the young Bulgarian state in the implementation of statistical studies contribute greatly to the organization of statistical activities, qualification of staff and creation of habits among the population to be subjected to statistical surveys. The whole administrative apparatus of the state and the intelligentsia was involved in the census. By the end of the XIX century censuses were carried out by Royal Decree and were considered nationwide events with utmost importance.