Number of Employed Persons



EMPLOYEES UNDER LABOUR CONTRACT AT THE END OF THE QUARTER BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN 2018 *
(Numbers)
Economic activity STS activities code Quarters 2018
І ІІ ІІІ IV
Industry (except construction) B_TO_E36 587 125 582 299 575 340 571 406
Mining and quarrying B 21 880 21 823 21 331 20 955
of which :
Mining of coal and lignite B05 9 945 9 770 9 250 9 119
Mining of metal ores B07 6 705 6 722 6 741 6 621
Other mining and quarrying B08 4 406 4 492 4 491 4 342
Manufacturing C 518 567 513 850 507 364 504 091
of which :
Manufacture of food products C10 74 818 74 799 74 222 73 593
Manufacture of beverages C11 11 937 12 139 12 157 11 633
Manufacture of tobacco products C12 1 721 1 720 1 641 1 364
Manufacture of textiles C13 12 225 12 128 11 775 11 605
Manufacture of wearing apparel C14 83 628 81 115 79 014 78 118
Manufacture of leather and related products C15 11 753 11 946 11 555 11 509
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and similar materials, except furniture C16 14 657 14 380 13 919 13 909
Manufacture of paper and paper products C17 9 509 9 542 9 238 9 279
Printing and reproduction of recorded media C18 8 774 8 772 8 633 8 577
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products C20 13 606 13 915 13 788 13 610
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products C22 29 845 29 734 29 474 29 635
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products C23 21 033 21 169 20 697 20 394
Manufacture of basic metals C24 12 695 12 542 12 647 12 855
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment C25 58 019 56 554 56 212 55 296
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products C26 10 169 10 267 10 369 10 530
Manufacture of electrical equipment C27 26 517 26 996 27 411 27 358
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. C28 32 075 31 937 31 552 31 534
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers C29 24 665 24 325 23 893 24 047
Manufacture of other transport equipment C30 4 972 4 913 4 945 5 059
Manufacture of furniture C31 19 873 19 369 19 031 19 260
Other manufacturing C32 9 707 9 730 9 715 9 703
Repair and installation of machinery and equipment C33 15 765 15 191 14 764 14 545
Electricity,gas,steam and air conditioning supply D 30 020 30 119 30 207 30 033
Water collection, treatment and supply Е36 16 658 16 507 16 438 16 327
Intermediate goods MIG_ING 167 962 168 033 166 951 165 954
Energy MIG_NRG 59 031 58 803 58 320 57 884
Capital goods MIG_CAG 113 164 111 186 109 463 109 011
Durable consumer goods MIG_DCOG 30 101 29 445 29 071 29 306
Non-durable consumer goods MIG_NDCOG 216 867 214 832 211 535 209 251
Construction F 121 342 125 815 128 190 125 380
Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles G45 35 791 35 967 35 824 35 498
Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles G46 149 086 151 394 149 312 148 805
Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles G47 210 353 210 519 207 208 208 764
Retail trade,exept of motor venicles,motorcycles and fuel G47_X_G473 195 934 196 014 192 648 194 397
Retail sale of food,beverages and tobacco G47_FOOD 82 466 82 892 82 313 82 183
Retail sale of non-food products G47_NFOOD 127 887 127 627 124 895 126 581
Retail sale of non-food products except of motor vehicles, motorcycles and fuel G47_NFOOD_X_G473 113 468 113 122 110 335 112 214
Transportation and storage H 142 713 144 606 142 904 140 405
Land transport and transport via pipelines H49 89 694 89 886 88 878 87 093
Water transport H50 1 400 1 458 1 433 1 437
Air transport H51 2 039 2 287 2 243 2 096
Warehousing and support activities for transportation H52 30 646 32 236 31 714 31 028
Postal and courier activities H53 18 934 18 739 18 636 18 751
Accommodation and food service activities I 104 580 137 063 116 416 106 043
Information and communication J 85 808 85 361 85 852 86 465
Publishing activities J58 4 870 4 843 4 798 4 815
Motion picture, video and TV programme production, music publishing activities J59 2 188 2 184 2 108 1 955
Programming and broadcasting activities J60 2 457 2 432 2 397 2 365
Telecommunications J61 19 863 19 425 19 229 18 924
Computer programming, consultancy and related activities J62 45 592 45 806 46 360 47 163
Information service activities J63 10 838 10 671 10 960 11 243
Other business services
Professional,scientific and technical activities M69, M702, M71, M73, M74 66 190 66 454 65 541 65 307
Administrative and support service activities N78, N79, N80, N812, N82 96 715 96 105 94 905 94 226

*Preliminary data
06.03.2019


Euro-SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Short term statistics on employment and labour costs - Employees under labour contract, Average monthly wages and salaries, Job vacancies, Job vacancy rate, quarterly labour cost index
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

"Labour Statistics" Department

Contact name

Todor Davidkov

Contact person function

Head of department

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 568

Contact fax number
Metadata update
Metadata last certified08 August 2014
Metadata last posted08 August 2014
Metadata last update06 April 2017
Statistical presentation
Data description

The data are collected from enterprises and organizations that perform economic activity in Republic of Bulgaria. Sources of information are: pay-roll sheets, presence and absence sheets, labour or non-labour contracts, management contracts, letters of appointment or discharge, applications for paid or unpaid leaves etc.

Classification system

· National Classification of Economic Activities (NCEA-2003, for international use NACE.BG 2003);

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG 2008);

· Unified Classification of Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units (UCATTU);

· Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS);

· National Classification of occupations and duties (comparable with ISCO08).

Sector coverage

Covered are enterprises from all economic activities irrespective of their type of ownership and source of financing, which have at least one employee working under labour contract.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Employees are all persons who have a labour contract (fixed or permanent; full-time or part-time) with their employer by virtue of the Labour Code or the Civil Servants Act and who receive remuneration in cash or in kind for certain quality and quantity of work done.

The average monthly number of employees is the arithmetic mean value of the daily number of employees (sum of the daily number of employees divided by the number of days for the reference month). Part-time employees are converted into full-time equivalents.

Gross wages and salaries are the remunerations paid regularly to the employees by the employers before the deduction of any tax and social security contributions payable by the employees and withheld by the employers. Gross wages and salaries comprise of: basic wages and salaries for time worked or work done; payments for statutory, contractual or voluntary leave; payments for overtime, shift work, extreme working conditions, length of service; monthly, quarterly and annual bonuses.

The average monthly wages and salaries are calculated through dividing the total amount of wages and salaries costs accrued during the reference month by the average monthly number of employees under labour contract excluding those on maternity leave.

Occupied post - an occupied post is a post within the organization to which an employee has been assigned under labour contract. The number of occupied posts is corresponding to the number of employees at the last day of the reference quarter without those absent from work for a period longer than 3 months (maternity leave, sick leave, unpaid leave).

Job vacancy - a job vacancy is defined as a newly created, unoccupied or about to become vacant post: 1) which the employer intends to fill either immediately or in the near future (3-months) and 2) for which the employer is taking active steps to find suitable candidate from outside the enterprise and is prepare to take more steps. Under the term "active steps" are included the following activities: announcing the post in Employment Agency, media (TV, newspapers, internet), direct contact with possible candidates and announcing a vacant post open to competition.

The job vacancy rate measures the proportion of number of job vacancies and the total sum of number of occupied posts and number of vacancies.

Labour Cost Index (LCI) is defined as Laspeyres index of labour costs per hour worked with base year 2012=100. It is calculated broken-down by economic activity at NACE.BG 2008 section level.

Statistical unit

The observation units are enterprises' companies, ministries, departments, political, religious, public and other organizations, that perform economical activities in Republic of Bulgaria and have at least one employee working under labour contract during the reference period.

Statistical population

Number of employees, job vacancies and wages and salaries data correspond to the enterprises with one and more employees from all economic activities.

Labour cost index refer to the enterprises with one and more employees from economic activities from B to S (incl. O) from NACE.BG 2008.

Reference area

The whole country is covered.

Time coverage

2000 - 2016

Base period

· Not applicable - number of employees, wages and salaries, occupied posts, job vacancies and job vacancy rate;

· Labour Cost Index - base year 2012.

Unit of measure

· Employees - number at the end of the month;

· Average wages and salaries - BGN;

· Occupied posts and job vacancies - number at the end of the month;

· Job vacancy rate - percent;

· Labour cost index - percent.

Reference period

The survey is conducted quarterly with figures for each month of the quarter.

Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements

· Law on Statistics;

· National Statistical Programme.

· Regulation (EC) No 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 February 2003 concerning the labour cost index:

· Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2003 of 7 July 2003 implementing Regulation (EC) No 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the labour cost index;

· Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 on quarterly statistics on Community job vacancies;

· Commission Regulation (EC) No 1062/2008 of 28 October 2008 implementing Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on quarterly statistics on Community job vacancies, as regards seasonal adjustment procedures and quality reports:

· Commission Regulation (EC) No 19/2009 of 13 January 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on quarterly statistics on Community job vacancies, as regards the definition of a job vacancy, the reference dates for data collection, data transmission specifications and feasibility studies.

Data sharing

Not applicable.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) N0 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics (provision 24 and Article 20 (4)) (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the necessity to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality - data treatment

Individual data are not disseminated following the rules set in Article 25 from the Law on Statistics. The dissemination of individual data is done only under Article 26 from the same law.

Release policy
Release calendar

The actual date of data publication is set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar. Statistics on number of employees, wages and salaries, occupied posts, job vacancies and labour cost index is published four times a year.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480

User access

The data are published on the NSI website, section Labour Market in accordance with the Law on Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.

Frequency of dissemination

Quarterly

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Press release with main results from the quarterly survey on Number of Employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs is prepared and published on the NSI official website. The results are published in compliance with the NSI Release Calendar.

Publications

Statistical Reference Book

On-line database

Detailed results are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Labour Market -Short-term statistics: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/6398

Information System INFOSTAT: https://infostat.nsi.bg/infostat/pages/module.jsf?x_2=93

Micro-data access

Access to anonymised micro-data can be granted for research and scientific purposes upon request and following the Rules for granting access to anonymised micro-data for scientific and research purposes set by NSI.

Other

More detailed data, not published on the NSI web page can be prepared upon users' request according to the NSI Regulation for dissemination of statistical products and services.

Documentation on methodology

Methodological paper for the calculation of the average number of employees in full-time equivalents.

Quality documentation

· Labour Cost Index quality report;

· Job vacancies statistics quality report.

Quality management
Quality assurance

According to Article 2, point 3 from the Law on Statistics the statistical information shall be produced in compliance with the following criteria for quality: adequacy, accuracy, timeliness, punctuality, accessibility and clarity, comparability and logical consistency.

Quality assessment

Quality reports for the Labour Cost Index and Job vacancies are prepared every year by the end of August.

Relevance
User needs

The users groups are defined on the basis of the received data requests. They can be classified in the following main groups:

  • National authorities - ministries, agencies, councils, other government bodies and public institutions;
  • International organizations - Eurostat, ILO etc.
  • Social Partners - unions, employers' organizations;
  • Private organizations, enterprises, media;
  • Researchers and students.

Internal users: Labour Force Survey, National Accounts.

User satisfaction

No information available.

Completeness

Regarding the job vacancies and labour cost index the data are available in all requested breakdowns. For the number of employees and wages and salaries the data refer to the whole country and all economic activities.

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The overall accuracy of the survey results depends of:

· Sample size. Each quarter at about 18 thousands enterprises are surveyed. Up to 2007 the survey is carried out exhaustively for the public sector units and by a sample for the private sector units. Since first quarter of 2008 a sample from the public owned schools and kindergartens is drawn and they are no longer exhaustively covered in the survey. The private sector sample is a stratified random sample without replacement. The stratification criteria used are: size of the enterprise in terms of employees, economic activity and NUTS 3 level. The sampling rates for the enterprises according to the number of employees are as follows: up to 49 employees - 5%, from 50 to 99 employees - 40% and 100 and more employees - 100% (census);

· Sampling frame. The sampling frame from which the survey sample is drown is taken from the annual exhaustive survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs for the year t-2 (the last available at the moment of sampling). The sampling frame is updated with information from administrative sources;

· Survey tools. The statistical form for the survey is available in electronic and paper format. In 2012 the survey become part from Information system Short-term Business Statistics, which is on-line based allowing 24 hours data collection and incorporates logical and arithmetic controls visible immediately during the data entry;

· Methods for errors identification and correction. The data processing goes through three main stages of validation: 1) data entry - 85 checks are included in the electronic form which control the plausibility of the inserted values and item non-response; 2) at regional level, the Regional Statistical Offices of NSI perform post-validation via 25 additional control incl. checks for coverage, extreme and missing values; 3) at national level, the Head Office of NSI performs additional validation as well for coverage and completeness. Comparability is made with administrative and other sources.

Sampling error

Coefficients of variation and confidence intervals are calculated for assessment of stochastic reliability of the estimation for main indicators. For the third quarter of 2015 for the private sector they are:

 

Indicator

Estimate

Coefficient of variation- %

Confidence intervals

Lower limit

Upper limit

Number of employees at the end of the month

172355

0.7

1697947

1748564

Average monthly wages and salaries – BGN

862

0.5

853.15

871.51

Labour costs per hour worked – BGN

7.01

0.5

6.93

7.09

Job vacancies – number

6815

10.1

5464

8167

 

Non-sampling error

The non-response rate for the third quarter of 2015 is 5.0%. The reasons for non-response are rather due to the use of old sampling frame i.e. inclusion in the sample of dead enterprises, enterprises with frozen activity, without employees, out of date contact information etc. rather than explicit refusals.

Unit non-response adjustment is done by re-weighting - sample size is replaced with the number of the responded units in the calculation of weights. Information from administrative Register of Insured Persons is used as well.

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

Monthly data on the number of employees and their average monthly and quarterly wages and salaries, job vacancies and the job vacancy rate are published 40 days after the end of I-st, II-nd and III-rd quarter. The IV-th quarter data are announced 45 days after the end of the reference period. The Labour cost index is published 80 days after the reference quarter.

Punctuality

The survey results are presented at the actual date set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

The national and regional statistical data on employees and wages and salaries are in compliance with the acting Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS). Labour Cost Index and job vacancies statistics are produced in compliance with the EU legislation therefore comparable at EU level as well.

Comparability - over time

The comparability over time is disturbed by the changes of the Classification of Economic Activities. Up to 2007 NACE.BG 2003 was in force, since 2008 NACE.BG 2008 was implemented, which resulted in break of the time series for number of employees and wages and salaries. The Labour Cost Index series were back casted according to the NACE.BG 2008 as the time series begin from first quarter of 2000.

Coherence - cross domain

Coherence between the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs

The main difference between the both sources is due to the fact that the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs collects information on the persons which have an employment contract according to the Labour Code or Civil Servants Act, while Labour Force Survey covers employees working by other type of contract or without any contract, as well the self-employed (working proprietors, own account works and unpaid family workers). LFS includes armed forces, but excludes persons on leave for raising a child up to two years of age.

Methodological differences such as: sampling unit, reference period, methods of data classification by economic activity, regional distribution (working place/ residence) etc. are potential reason for data discrepancies as well.

Coherence between the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs and National Accounts

National Accounts as a system responsible for producing statistics with full coverage of the national economy and assuring comparability with the other main macroeconomic indicators is combining different sources in its estimates therefore the figures for employment, compensation of employees are different from the ones produced from the survey on employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs. There are differences in the definitions as well. The compensation of employees calculated by National Accounts includes payments which are not included in total labour costs such as: part of daily allowances for business travelling; provision of recreation or holiday facilities for employees and their families; costs related to employees working under non-labour contract and their earnings in the form of fees and commissions. National Accounts make additional adjustments for exhaustiveness on the following components: tips are estimated for activities like restaurants, bars, transport and other service activities (hairdressing and other beauty treatment); non-reported wages for employees working without any contract (informal employment).

Coherence - internal

All indicators are internal coherent.

Cost and burden

No information is available for the respondents’ burden.

Data revision
Data revision - policy

The data revision means that different estimations for one and the same indicator are presented in different point of time. The main purpose of the revisions is to publish the best available estimates at the moment taking into account more exhaustive and with the better quality information available.

Data revision - practice

The population from which the survey sample for year t is drown contains all private sector enterprises that submitted annual balance sheets (incl. labour form) for year t-2 (the most recent available at the time of sampling) and the privatized enterprises during year (t-1). Due to the long period of time between the population from which the sample is made and the reference year two revisions of quarterly data are need to be done. The first revision is done when annual final data for year (t-1) are announced. Its aim is to update the population. The second one is imposed due to the impossibility to cover the newly established firms in time and it is done when annual final data for year (t) become available.

Statistical processing
Source data

The data source is the quarterly sample survey on the Number of employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs.

Frequency of data collection

Quarterly

Data collection

Up to 2007 the survey is carried out exhaustively for the public sector units and by a sample for the private sector units. Since first quarter of 2008 a sample from the public owned schools and kindergartens is drawn and they are no longer exhaustively covered in the survey.

Data validation

The data validation goes through three stages:

  • At the data entry;
  • At regional level by the NSI Regional Statistical Offices;
  • At national level by the NSI Head Office.
Data compilation

The data processing goes through the following stages:

  • On-line data entry;
  • Data validation;
  • Correction of errors and imputation of missing information using administrative sources;
  • Calculation of weights and weighting the results;
  • Producing standardized output tables with main survey results.
Adjustment

Labour Cost Index series are published in the following three forms:

  • Unadjusted;
  • Working day adjusted - excluding the effect of varying number of working days in the same quarters in different years as well moving holydays and leap-years;
  • Seasonally and working day adjusted – seasonal adjustment is carried out on working day adjusted series. Seasonal adjustment is a process where the seasonal component is removed from the time series in order to better identify short-term developments.
Comment
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml


ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Short term statistics on employment and labour costs - Employees under labour contract, Average monthly wages and salaries, Job vacancies, Job vacancy rate, quarterly labour cost index
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

"Labour Statistics" Department

Contact name

Todor Davidkov

Contact person function

Head of department

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 568

Contact fax number
Statistical presentation
Data description

The data are collected from enterprises and organizations that perform economic activity in Republic of Bulgaria. Sources of information are: pay-roll sheets, presence and absence sheets, labour or non-labour contracts, management contracts, letters of appointment or discharge, applications for paid or unpaid leaves etc.

Classification system

· National Classification of Economic Activities (NCEA-2003, for international use NACE.BG 2003);

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG 2008);

· Unified Classification of Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units (UCATTU);

· Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS);

· National Classification of occupations and duties (comparable with ISCO08).

Sector coverage

Covered are enterprises from all economic activities irrespective of their type of ownership and source of financing, which have at least one employee working under labour contract.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Employees are all persons who have a labour contract (fixed or permanent; full-time or part-time) with their employer by virtue of the Labour Code or the Civil Servants Act and who receive remuneration in cash or in kind for certain quality and quantity of work done.

The average monthly number of employees is the arithmetic mean value of the daily number of employees (sum of the daily number of employees divided by the number of days for the reference month). Part-time employees are converted into full-time equivalents.

Gross wages and salaries are the remunerations paid regularly to the employees by the employers before the deduction of any tax and social security contributions payable by the employees and withheld by the employers. Gross wages and salaries comprise of: basic wages and salaries for time worked or work done; payments for statutory, contractual or voluntary leave; payments for overtime, shift work, extreme working conditions, length of service; monthly, quarterly and annual bonuses.

The average monthly wages and salaries are calculated through dividing the total amount of wages and salaries costs accrued during the reference month by the average monthly number of employees under labour contract excluding those on maternity leave.

Occupied post - an occupied post is a post within the organization to which an employee has been assigned under labour contract. The number of occupied posts is corresponding to the number of employees at the last day of the reference quarter without those absent from work for a period longer than 3 months (maternity leave, sick leave, unpaid leave).

Job vacancy - a job vacancy is defined as a newly created, unoccupied or about to become vacant post: 1) which the employer intends to fill either immediately or in the near future (3-months) and 2) for which the employer is taking active steps to find suitable candidate from outside the enterprise and is prepare to take more steps. Under the term "active steps" are included the following activities: announcing the post in Employment Agency, media (TV, newspapers, internet), direct contact with possible candidates and announcing a vacant post open to competition.

The job vacancy rate measures the proportion of number of job vacancies and the total sum of number of occupied posts and number of vacancies.

Labour Cost Index (LCI) is defined as Laspeyres index of labour costs per hour worked with base year 2012=100. It is calculated broken-down by economic activity at NACE.BG 2008 section level.

Statistical unit

The observation units are enterprises' companies, ministries, departments, political, religious, public and other organizations, that perform economical activities in Republic of Bulgaria and have at least one employee working under labour contract during the reference period.

Statistical population

Number of employees, job vacancies and wages and salaries data correspond to the enterprises with one and more employees from all economic activities.

Labour cost index refer to the enterprises with one and more employees from economic activities from B to S (incl. O) from NACE.BG 2008.

Reference area

The whole country is covered.

Time coverage

2000 - 2016

Base period

· Not applicable - number of employees, wages and salaries, occupied posts, job vacancies and job vacancy rate;

· Labour Cost Index - base year 2012.

Statistical processing
Source data

The data source is the quarterly sample survey on the Number of employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs.

Frequency of data collection

Quarterly

Data collection

Up to 2007 the survey is carried out exhaustively for the public sector units and by a sample for the private sector units. Since first quarter of 2008 a sample from the public owned schools and kindergartens is drawn and they are no longer exhaustively covered in the survey.

Data validation

The data validation goes through three stages:

  • At the data entry;
  • At regional level by the NSI Regional Statistical Offices;
  • At national level by the NSI Head Office.
Data compilation

The data processing goes through the following stages:

  • On-line data entry;
  • Data validation;
  • Correction of errors and imputation of missing information using administrative sources;
  • Calculation of weights and weighting the results;
  • Producing standardized output tables with main survey results.
Adjustment

Labour Cost Index series are published in the following three forms:

  • Unadjusted;
  • Working day adjusted - excluding the effect of varying number of working days in the same quarters in different years as well moving holydays and leap-years;
  • Seasonally and working day adjusted – seasonal adjustment is carried out on working day adjusted series. Seasonal adjustment is a process where the seasonal component is removed from the time series in order to better identify short-term developments.
Quality management
Quality assurance

According to Article 2, point 3 from the Law on Statistics the statistical information shall be produced in compliance with the following criteria for quality: adequacy, accuracy, timeliness, punctuality, accessibility and clarity, comparability and logical consistency.

Quality assessment

Quality reports for the Labour Cost Index and Job vacancies are prepared every year by the end of August.

Relevance
User needs

The users groups are defined on the basis of the received data requests. They can be classified in the following main groups:

  • National authorities - ministries, agencies, councils, other government bodies and public institutions;
  • International organizations - Eurostat, ILO etc.
  • Social Partners - unions, employers' organizations;
  • Private organizations, enterprises, media;
  • Researchers and students.

Internal users: Labour Force Survey, National Accounts.

User satisfaction

No information available.

Completeness

Regarding the job vacancies and labour cost index the data are available in all requested breakdowns. For the number of employees and wages and salaries the data refer to the whole country and all economic activities.

Data completeness - rate

100% for the information on number of employees, wages and salaries and job vacancies

75% for the labour cost index

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The overall accuracy of the survey results depends of:

· Sample size. Each quarter at about 18 thousands enterprises are surveyed. Up to 2007 the survey is carried out exhaustively for the public sector units and by a sample for the private sector units. Since first quarter of 2008 a sample from the public owned schools and kindergartens is drawn and they are no longer exhaustively covered in the survey. The private sector sample is a stratified random sample without replacement. The stratification criteria used are: size of the enterprise in terms of employees, economic activity and NUTS 3 level. The sampling rates for the enterprises according to the number of employees are as follows: up to 49 employees - 5%, from 50 to 99 employees - 40% and 100 and more employees - 100% (census);

· Sampling frame. The sampling frame from which the survey sample is drown is taken from the annual exhaustive survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs for the year t-2 (the last available at the moment of sampling). The sampling frame is updated with information from administrative sources;

· Survey tools. The statistical form for the survey is available in electronic and paper format. In 2012 the survey become part from Information system Short-term Business Statistics, which is on-line based allowing 24 hours data collection and incorporates logical and arithmetic controls visible immediately during the data entry;

· Methods for errors identification and correction. The data processing goes through three main stages of validation: 1) data entry - 85 checks are included in the electronic form which control the plausibility of the inserted values and item non-response; 2) at regional level, the Regional Statistical Offices of NSI perform post-validation via 25 additional control incl. checks for coverage, extreme and missing values; 3) at national level, the Head Office of NSI performs additional validation as well for coverage and completeness. Comparability is made with administrative and other sources.

Sampling error

Coefficients of variation and confidence intervals are calculated for assessment of stochastic reliability of the estimation for main indicators. For the third quarter of 2015 for the private sector they are:

 

Indicator

Estimate

Coefficient of variation- %

Confidence intervals

Lower limit

Upper limit

Number of employees at the end of the month

172355

0.7

1697947

1748564

Average monthly wages and salaries – BGN

862

0.5

853.15

871.51

Labour costs per hour worked – BGN

7.01

0.5

6.93

7.09

Job vacancies – number

6815

10.1

5464

8167

 

Sampling errors - indicators

 

Indicator

Estimate

Coefficient of variation- %

Confidence intervals

Lower limit

Upper limit

Number of employees at the end of the month

172355

0.7

1697947

1748564

Average monthly wages and salaries – BGN

862

0.5

853.15

871.51

Labour costs per hour worked – BGN

7.01

0.5

6.93

7.09

Job vacancies – number

6815

10.1

5464

8167

 

Non-sampling error

The non-response rate for the third quarter of 2015 is 5.0%. The reasons for non-response are rather due to the use of old sampling frame i.e. inclusion in the sample of dead enterprises, enterprises with frozen activity, without employees, out of date contact information etc. rather than explicit refusals.

Unit non-response adjustment is done by re-weighting - sample size is replaced with the number of the responded units in the calculation of weights. Information from administrative Register of Insured Persons is used as well.

Coverage error

The target population for the survey is all enterprises with one or more employees under labour contract. In the survey sample 405 enterprises (2.2% from enterprises in the sample) were inactive or without employees.

Over-coverage - rate

2.2%

Common units - proportion

The administrative Register of Insured Persons from the National Social Security Institute is used mainly for reducing unit non-response. The data for around 150 refusing enterprises, 0.8% from the total number of surveyed enterprises, is imputed from the administrative register each quarter.

Measurement error

The average annual number of employees under labour contract is collected in rounded whole numbers.

Non response error

The main reasons for non-response are rather due to the use of old sampling frame i.e. inclusion in the sample of dead enterprises, enterprises with frozen activity, without employees, out of date contact information etc. rather than explicit refusals.

Unit non-response - rate

5.0%

Item non-response - rate

Not calculated. The logical and arithmetic controls do not allow missing information for the main variables in the survey.

Processing error

After consolidation of the regional data into national database checks are done for duplicated records.

Imputation - rate

The data for around 150 refusing enterprises, 0.8% from the total number of surveyed enterprises, is imputed from the administrative register each quarter.

Model assumption error

Not applicable

Seasonal adjustment

Labour Cost Index series are published in the following three forms:

  • Unadjusted;
  • Working day adjusted - excluding the effect of varying number of working days in the same quarters in different years as well moving holydays and leap-years;
  • Seasonally and working day adjusted – seasonal adjustment is carried out on working day adjusted series. Seasonal adjustment is a process where the seasonal component is removed from the time series in order to better identify short-term developments.
Data revision - policy

The data revision means that different estimations for one and the same indicator are presented in different point of time. The main purpose of the revisions is to publish the best available estimates at the moment taking into account more exhaustive and with the better quality information available.

Data revision - practice

The population from which the survey sample for year t is drown contains all private sector enterprises that submitted annual balance sheets (incl. labour form) for year t-2 (the most recent available at the time of sampling) and the privatized enterprises during year (t-1). Due to the long period of time between the population from which the sample is made and the reference year two revisions of quarterly data are need to be done. The first revision is done when annual final data for year (t-1) are announced. Its aim is to update the population. The second one is imposed due to the impossibility to cover the newly established firms in time and it is done when annual final data for year (t) become available.

Data revision - average size

Number of employees - 3.2%

Average monthly wages and salaries - 0.2%

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

Monthly data on the number of employees and their average monthly and quarterly wages and salaries, job vacancies and the job vacancy rate are published 40 days after the end of I-st, II-nd and III-rd quarter. The IV-th quarter data are announced 45 days after the end of the reference period. The Labour cost index is published 80 days after the reference quarter.

Time lag - first results

40 days

Time lag - final results

24 months

Punctuality

The survey results are presented at the actual date set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar.

Punctuality - delivery and publication

Normally there is no delay between the planned and the actual date of publication.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

The national and regional statistical data on employees and wages and salaries are in compliance with the acting Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS). Labour Cost Index and job vacancies statistics are produced in compliance with the EU legislation therefore comparable at EU level as well.

Asymmetry for mirror flows statistics - coefficient

Not applicable.

Comparability - over time

The comparability over time is disturbed by the changes of the Classification of Economic Activities. Up to 2007 NACE.BG 2003 was in force, since 2008 NACE.BG 2008 was implemented, which resulted in break of the time series for number of employees and wages and salaries. The Labour Cost Index series were back casted according to the NACE.BG 2008 as the time series begin from first quarter of 2000.

Length of comparable time series

2000-2016

Coherence - cross domain

Coherence between the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs

The main difference between the both sources is due to the fact that the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs collects information on the persons which have an employment contract according to the Labour Code or Civil Servants Act, while Labour Force Survey covers employees working by other type of contract or without any contract, as well the self-employed (working proprietors, own account works and unpaid family workers). LFS includes armed forces, but excludes persons on leave for raising a child up to two years of age.

Methodological differences such as: sampling unit, reference period, methods of data classification by economic activity, regional distribution (working place/ residence) etc. are potential reason for data discrepancies as well.

Coherence between the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs and National Accounts

National Accounts as a system responsible for producing statistics with full coverage of the national economy and assuring comparability with the other main macroeconomic indicators is combining different sources in its estimates therefore the figures for employment, compensation of employees are different from the ones produced from the survey on employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs. There are differences in the definitions as well. The compensation of employees calculated by National Accounts includes payments which are not included in total labour costs such as: part of daily allowances for business travelling; provision of recreation or holiday facilities for employees and their families; costs related to employees working under non-labour contract and their earnings in the form of fees and commissions. National Accounts make additional adjustments for exhaustiveness on the following components: tips are estimated for activities like restaurants, bars, transport and other service activities (hairdressing and other beauty treatment); non-reported wages for employees working without any contract (informal employment).

Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

The information on number of employees and labour costs is collected following the same definition and with same coverage (economic activities, regions, size classes) as in the annual census survey on Employed persons, wages and salaries and other labour costs.

Coherence - National Accounts

Coherence between the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs and National Accounts

National Accounts as a system responsible for producing statistics with full coverage of the national economy and assuring comparability with the other main macroeconomic indicators is combining different sources in its estimates therefore the figures for employment, compensation of employees are different from the ones produced from the survey on employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs. There are differences in the definitions as well. The compensation of employees calculated by National Accounts includes payments which are not included in total labour costs such as: part of daily allowances for business travelling; provision of recreation or holiday facilities for employees and their families; costs related to employees working under non-labour contract and their earnings in the form of fees and commissions. National Accounts make additional adjustments for exhaustiveness on the following components: tips are estimated for activities like restaurants, bars, transport and other service activities (hairdressing and other beauty treatment); non-reported wages for employees working without any contract (informal employment).

Coherence - internal

All indicators are internal coherent.

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Press release with main results from the quarterly survey on Number of Employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs is prepared and published on the NSI official website. The results are published in compliance with the NSI Release Calendar.

Publications

Statistical Reference Book

On-line database

Detailed results are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Labour Market -Short-term statistics: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/6398

Information System INFOSTAT: https://infostat.nsi.bg/infostat/pages/module.jsf?x_2=93

Data tables - consultations
Micro-data access

Access to anonymised micro-data can be granted for research and scientific purposes upon request and following the Rules for granting access to anonymised micro-data for scientific and research purposes set by NSI.

Other

More detailed data, not published on the NSI web page can be prepared upon users' request according to the NSI Regulation for dissemination of statistical products and services.

Metadata - consultations

Between 50 and 100 annually.

Documentation on methodology

Methodological paper for the calculation of the average number of employees in full-time equivalents.

Metadata completeness – rate

100%

Quality documentation

· Labour Cost Index quality report;

· Job vacancies statistics quality report.

Cost and burden

No information is available for the respondents’ burden.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) N0 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics (provision 24 and Article 20 (4)) (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the necessity to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality – data treatment

Individual data are not disseminated following the rules set in Article 25 from the Law on Statistics. The dissemination of individual data is done only under Article 26 from the same law.

Comment
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESQRS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESQRS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml

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