Costs of training in CVT courses



COSTS OF CVT COURSES BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF ENTERPRISES IN 2015
NACE groups Economic activity Expenditure for CVT courses
Expenditure for CVT courses – Thousand Levs From the total expenditure by type of expenditure:
Fees and payments for courses for persons employed Travel and subsistence payments Labour costs on internal trainees Costs for training centre, training premises or specific training rooms of the enterprise, in which CVT courses take place and costs for teaching materials for CVT courses
Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs %
  Total 140 615 48 690 34.6 30 050 21.4 8 768 6.2 8 171 5.8
B, C, D, E Mining and quarrying;
Manufacturing;
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply;
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities;
38 683 14 876 38.5 7 005 18.1 1 890 4.9 3 635 9.4
F Construction 3 089 1 982 64.2 64 2.1 41 1.3 55 1.8
G, H, I Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles;
Transportation and storage;
Accommodation and food service activities;
43 585 14 759 33.9 11 969 27.5 2 322 5.3 1 586 3.6
J, K Information and communication;
Financial and insurance activities;
37 426 11 983 32.0 8 549 22.8 3 230 8.6 1 165 3.1
L, M, N, R, S Real estate activities;
Professional, scientific and technical activities;
Administrative and support service activities;
Arts, entertainment and recreation;
Other service activities;
17 832 5 090 28.5 2 463 13.8 1 286 7.2 1 731 9.7
COSTS OF CVT COURSES BY SIZE OF ENTERPRISES IN 2015
Size groups Expenditure for CVT courses
Expenditure for CVT courses – Thousand Levs From the total expenditure by type of expenditure:
Fees and payments for courses for persons employed Travel and subsistence payments Labour costs on internal trainees Costs for training centre, training premises or specific training rooms of the enterprise, in which CVT courses take place and costs for teaching materials for CVT courses
Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs %
Total 140 615 48 690 34.6 30 050 21.4 8 768 6.2 8 171 5.8
10 - 49 employed 34 451 10 410 30.2 9 914 28.8 2 153 6.2 1 252 3.6
50 - 249 employed 42 108 15 994 38.0 12 286 29.2 2 961 7.0 853 2.0
250 + employed 64 056 22 286 34.8 7 850 12.3 3 655 5.7 6 067 9.5
COSTS OF CVT COURSES BY OWNERSHIP OF ENTERPRISES IN 2015
Ownership Expenditure for CVT courses
Expenditure for CVT courses – Thousand Levs From the total expenditure by type of expenditure:
Fees and payments for courses for persons employed Travel and subsistence payments Labour costs on internal trainees Costs for training centre, training premises or specific training rooms of the enterprise, in which CVT courses take place and costs for teaching materials for CVT courses
Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs % Thousand Levs %
Total 140 615 48 690 34.6 30 050 21.4 8 768 6.2 8 171 5.8
Public sector 10 528 3 050 29.0 569 5.4 374 3.5 2 423 23.0
Private sector 130 087 45 640 35.1 29 481 22.7 8 395 6.5 5 749 4.4
24.08.2018


Euro-SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS4)
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

'Education and Culture Statistics' Department

Contact name

Svilen Kateliev

Contact person function

Head of department

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

SKateliev@nsi.bg

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 469

Contact fax number
Metadata update
Metadata last certified10 October 2017
Metadata last posted10 October 2017
Metadata last update10 October 2017
Statistical presentation
Data description

The Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS) collects information on enterprises’ investment in the continuing vocational training of their staff. Continuing vocational training (CVT) refers to education or training measures or activities which are financed in total or at least partly by the enterprise (directly or indirectly). Part financing could include the use of work-time for the training activity as well as financing of training equipment.

Information available from the CVTS is grouped around the following topics:

  • Training/non-training enterprises
  • Participation in continuing vocational training
  • Planning and assessment of continuing vocational training
  • Costs of continuing vocational training courses
  • Time spent on continuing vocational training courses

For further information see CVTS implementation manuals (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/education-and-training/methodology).

Classification system

Classification of economic activities (NACE): NACE Rev. 1.1 up to 2005 and NACE Rev. 2 as from 2010.

Sector coverage

CVTS covers enterprises with 10 or more employees belonging to the following sectors:

· For CVTS 4 (2010) and 5 (2015): to the NACE 2008 categories B, C (10-12, 13-15, 17-18, 19-23, 24-25, 26-28 and 33, 29-30, 16+31-32), D-E, F, G(45, 46, 47), I, H, J, K(64,65), K(66), L+M+N+R+S.

· For CVTS 2 (2000) and 3 (2005): to the NACE 2003 categories C, D (15-16, 17-19, 21-22, 23-26, 27-28, 29-33, 34-35, 20+36+37), E, F, G (50, 51, 52), H, I (60-63, 64), J (65-66, 67), K+O.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Continuing vocational training (CVT) are training measures or activities which have as their primary objectives the acquisition of new competences or the development and improvement of existing ones and which must be financed at least partly by the enterprises for their persons employed who either have a working contract or who benefit directly from their work for the enterprise such as unpaid family workers and casual workers. Persons employed holding an apprenticeship or training contract should not be taken into consideration for CVT. The training measures or activities must be planned in advance and must be organised or supported with the special goal of learning. Random learning and initial vocational training (IVT) are explicitly excluded. CVT measures and activities cover both CVT courses and other forms of CVT.

CVT courses are typically clearly separated from the active workplace (learning takes place in locations specially assigned for learning like a class room or training centre). They show a high degree of organisation (time, space and content) by a trainer or a training institution. The content is designed for a group of learners (e.g. a curriculum exists). Two distinct types of CVT courses are identified: internal and external CVT courses.

Other forms of CVT are typically connected to the active work and the active workplace, but they can also include participation (instruction) in conferences, trade fairs etc. for the purpose of learning. These other forms of CVT are often characterised by a degree of self-organisation (time, space and content) by the individual learner or by a group of learners. The content is often tailored according to the learners’ individual needs in the workplace. The following types of other forms of CVT are identified:

  • planned training through guided-on-the-job training;
  • planned training through job rotation, exchanges, secondments or study visits;
  • planned training through participation (instruction received) in conferences, workshops, trade fairs and lectures;
  • planned training through participation in learning or quality circles;
  • planned training through self-directed learning/e-learning.

Training enterprises are enterprises that provided CVT courses or other forms of CVT for their persons employed during the reference year.

A participant in CVT courses is a person who has taken part in one or more CVT courses during the reference year. Each person should be counted only once, irrespective of the number of CVT courses he or she has participated in. E.g. if a person employed has participated in two externally managed courses and one internally managed course, he or she should be counted as one participant.

The costs of CVT courses cover direct costs, participants’ labour costs and the balance of contributions (net contribution) to and receipts from training funds.

Direct course costs:

  • fees and payments for CVT courses;
  • travel and subsistence payments related to CVT courses;
  • the labour costs of internal trainers for CVT courses (direct and indirect costs);
  • the costs for training centres, training rooms and teaching materials.

Participants’ labour costs (personal absence costs) refer to the labour costs of participants for CVT courses that take place during paid working time.

Time spent on CVT courses refers to paid working time (in hours) spent on CVT courses, i.e. the time that all participants have spent in total during the reference year.

Since 2005, the CVTS contains some variables on initial vocational training (IVT). IVT within enterprises is defined as a formal education programme (or a component of it) where working time alternates between periods of practical training (workplace) and general/theoretical education (educational institution/training centre). The definition of IVT differs between CVTS waves, for details see the implementation manuals for each wave, available in CIRCABC.

The number of persons employed is defined as the total number of persons who work in the observation unit excluding persons employed holding an apprenticeship or training contract (i.e. the definition of persons employed in CVTS deviates from the one used for structural business statistics as regards the treatment of persons employed holding an apprenticeship or training contract).

For additional definitions used in CVTS and further information see the CVTS implementation manuals available in CIRCABC.

Statistical unit

Enterprises.

Statistical population

Enterprises with 10 or more persons employed belonging to certain NACE categories.

Reference area

Whole country (full territorial coverage).

Time coverage

1999, 2005, 2010, 2015

Base period

Not applicable.

Unit of measure

Number and per cent.

Reference period

Calendar year.

Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements

CVTS 2 data were collected based on a gentlemen's agreement.

CVTS 3 is based on Commission Regulation No 198/2006 of 3 February 2006 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1552/2005 of the European Parliament and the Council of 7 September 2005 on statistics relating to vocational training in enterprises.

CVTS 4 is based on Commission Regulation No 822/2010 of 17 September 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 198/2006.

CVTS 5 is based on Commission Regulation (EU) No 1153/2014 of 29 October 2014 as regards the data to be collected, and the sampling, precision and quality requirements

For further information see Eurostat's website page on education and training statistics legislation.

Data sharing

Not applicable.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality - data treatment

Data are disseminated in aggregated form. Due to confidentiality issues data are presented for groups of NACE and enterprise size classes. Estimates are systematically based on at least three enterprises; where necessary, additional restrictions are applied.

Release policy
Release calendar

In accordance to the dates defined in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the National Statistical Institute.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480

User access

In accordance to the Rules for Dissemination of Statistical Products and Services.

Frequency of dissemination

Every five years.

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Not avaliable.

Publications

Statistics explained

Bulgarian national publications had been issued for previous waves before CVTS 4 and are available in BNSI library.

On-line database

Data on Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS) are available to all users on the NSI's website under the heading Education and Lifelong Learning: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/4923 and on Informational System "Infostat": https://infostat.nsi.bg/infostat/pages/module.jsf?x_2=167

Micro-data access

In accordance to the interior (for the NSI) Rules for Provision of Anonymised Individual Data for Scientific and Research Purposes (http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/12152/).

Other

Information services by order in accordance to the Rules for Dissemination of Statistical Products and Services (http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/12408/).

Documentation on methodology

For each wave of the CVTS a detailed implementation manual is available which contains definitions and additional methodological explanations, a European standard questionnaire and the code book.

The implementation manuals are available in CIRCABC.

 

Quality documentation

CVTS 3: the EU quality report is available in CIRCABC.

CVTS 4: the EU quality report as well as national quality reports are available in CIRCABC.

CVTS 5: to be announced.

Quality management
Quality assurance

A set of quality criteria have been set up within the CVTS legislation (see Legal acts and other agreements).

Quality assessment

Statistics based on the CVTS are considered to be of satisfactory quality thanks to a harmonised production process (see Legal acts and other agreements). The CVTS is a sample survey and thus the results are subject to the usual statistical errors of measurement. Some issues arise from non-response.

Relevance
User needs

 

Data are used by:

Commission (DGs, Secretariat General), Council, European Parliament, other European Agencies
Ministry of Education and science, Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, Other Ministries, NSIs, etc.
Bulgarian academy of science
OECD, UN, etc.

User satisfaction

Not surveyed yet.

Completeness

Dataset covers all NACE sectors, enterprise size groups and variables as requested in the gentlemen’s agreement (CVTS 2) and in legislation  (CVTS 3, 4 and 5) (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/education-and-training/legislation).

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The overall accuracy is considered as very good, significant variations had not been observed (see Sampling errors - indicators).

Sampling error

CVTS 5:

Sampling method

Business register as of 31.12.2014 was used as a sampling frame. The sample was stratified by NACE Rev.2 (20 categories: B, C10-C12 ,C13-C15 ,C17-C18 ,C19-C23 ,C24-C25, C26-C28 and C33, C29-C30, C16+C31-32, D-E, F, G(45), G(46), G(47), I, H, J, K(64,65), K(66), L+M+N+R+S) and 3 size category (based on the number of employed). All sampling procedures were in accordance to the Commission Regulation No 1153/2014.

Estimation/grossing-up procedures

The current business register data as of 31 December 2015 for the total population was used for weighting and adjustment of the results.

The data obtained by the survey was post-stratified. The total number of poststrata was 140 (20 NACE categories used for sampling and 7 size groups (based on the number of employed).

Calculation of the coefficients of variation

All calculations of the standard errors and coeficients of variation were performed by SPSS (PASW) software, Complex Sample Analysis Module.

More information about CVTS 4's sampling method and errors could be found on CIRCABC.

Non-sampling error

For survey 2010 response rate is 88.2%.

For survey 2015 response rate is 93.7%.

For more detailed information see ‘Coverage error’ section.

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

Survey year

Fieldwork

Processing

Data delivery to Eurostat

2010

06-07/2011

03-06/2012

07-11/2012

201506-09/201610/2016 - 06/201706/2017

 

Punctuality

All deliverables were sent on time.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

 

Deviations from CVTS 4 and 5 concepts and definitions

CVTS 4 and 5 concepts and definitions

No deviations in concepts and definitions stipulated in Commission Regulation.

CVTS 4 and 5 variables

In variables B2 (B2a, B2b … etc.) the relative shares were replaced with absolute values, which were later transformed into percentages. No impact on the coherence.

There was an alternative for the enterprises to describe their economic activity instead of filling in the NACE code for A1. No impact on the coherence.

CVTS 4 and 5 questionnaire
 

No deviations from the European standard questionnaire.

 

Comparability - over time

Partially comparable due to the changes of the general methodology and the economic activities of the surveyed enterprises. Modifications have actually been made in view of improving the overall quality of CVTS and are not considered to have a serious impact on the comparability.

Key indicators

 

CVTS 3 (2005)

CVTS 4 (2010)

CVTS 5 (2015)

Enterprises providing training - % of all enterprises

28.7

31.2

42.2

Enterprises providing CVT courses - % of all enterprises

21.0

20.5

31.9

Participants in CVT courses - % of persons employed in all enterprises

14.8

22.0

26.5

Participants in CVT courses - % of persons employed in enterprises providing CVT courses

33.0

49.3

48.0

Cost of CVT courses - cost per person employed in all enterprises

18.6

46.2

88.4

Cost of CVT courses - cost per person employed in enterprises providing CVT courses

40.7

103.4

160.7

Enterprises employing IVT participants - % of all enterprises

4.4

6.4

7.6

 

Coherence - cross domain

CVTS data has been compared with Structural Business Statistics data with regard to number of persons employed. Full comparability is not possible due to differences in methodology.

Coherence - internal

CVTS results for a given reference year are based on the same microdata and results are calculated using the same estimation methods, therefore the data are internally coherent.

Cost and burden

Staff involved in administering survey:

4 experts from Department ‘Education and Culture statistics’ – responsible for survey organization, implementation of methodology, preparation of the national questionnaire, sampling, data processing, preparation of EU dataset and quality report, data dissemination;

1 expert from Department ‘Information and Application Software’ – responsible for preparation of informatics tool.

Data revision
Data revision - policy

In accordance to the interior (for the NSI) rules for data dissemination.

Data revision - practice

In accordance to the interior (for the NSI) rules for data dissemination.

Statistical processing
Source data

CVTS data are produced by the National Statistical Institute. The sampling frame used is the National Statistical Business Register (SBR), which is considered of good quality (coverage, regular updates, etc.). The sample is stratified by NACE and size classes; sampling requirements for CVTS are set in the relevant legislation documents. Survey participation for the enterprises was mandatory.

Frequency of data collection

Every 5 years.

Data collection

CVTS was a stand-alone survey.

Survey type

CVTS 4: Face-to-face (PAPI) and postal.

CVTS 5: Self-administered interview - paper assisted (PAPI, includes electronically submitted PDF version of the questionnaire) and Self-administered interview - computer assisted (CAWI with interactive online questionnaire).

Pilot test of the CVTS questionnaires was partly implemented.

Data validation

The data tools framework (application for data entry) was designed with additional controls and filters. There were added also extra checking rules by comparing the entered information between different related questions in order to confront possible inconsistent answers. Finally the data checking tool (EDIT) provided by Eurostat had been used for the data set checks. No major errors detected.

Data compilation

Not applicable.

Adjustment

Not applicable.

Comment
Download in SDMX 2.1 file format: Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS4)
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Download in SDMX 2.0 file format: Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS4)
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ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS4)
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

'Education and Culture Statistics' Department

Contact name

Svilen Kateliev

Contact person function

Head of department

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

SKateliev@nsi.bg

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 469

Contact fax number
Statistical presentation
Data description

The Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS) collects information on enterprises’ investment in the continuing vocational training of their staff. Continuing vocational training (CVT) refers to education or training measures or activities which are financed in total or at least partly by the enterprise (directly or indirectly). Part financing could include the use of work-time for the training activity as well as financing of training equipment.

Information available from the CVTS is grouped around the following topics:

  • Training/non-training enterprises
  • Participation in continuing vocational training
  • Planning and assessment of continuing vocational training
  • Costs of continuing vocational training courses
  • Time spent on continuing vocational training courses

For further information see CVTS implementation manuals (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/education-and-training/methodology).

Classification system

Classification of economic activities (NACE): NACE Rev. 1.1 up to 2005 and NACE Rev. 2 as from 2010.

Sector coverage

CVTS covers enterprises with 10 or more employees belonging to the following sectors:

· For CVTS 4 (2010) and 5 (2015): to the NACE 2008 categories B, C (10-12, 13-15, 17-18, 19-23, 24-25, 26-28 and 33, 29-30, 16+31-32), D-E, F, G(45, 46, 47), I, H, J, K(64,65), K(66), L+M+N+R+S.

· For CVTS 2 (2000) and 3 (2005): to the NACE 2003 categories C, D (15-16, 17-19, 21-22, 23-26, 27-28, 29-33, 34-35, 20+36+37), E, F, G (50, 51, 52), H, I (60-63, 64), J (65-66, 67), K+O.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Continuing vocational training (CVT) are training measures or activities which have as their primary objectives the acquisition of new competences or the development and improvement of existing ones and which must be financed at least partly by the enterprises for their persons employed who either have a working contract or who benefit directly from their work for the enterprise such as unpaid family workers and casual workers. Persons employed holding an apprenticeship or training contract should not be taken into consideration for CVT. The training measures or activities must be planned in advance and must be organised or supported with the special goal of learning. Random learning and initial vocational training (IVT) are explicitly excluded. CVT measures and activities cover both CVT courses and other forms of CVT.

CVT courses are typically clearly separated from the active workplace (learning takes place in locations specially assigned for learning like a class room or training centre). They show a high degree of organisation (time, space and content) by a trainer or a training institution. The content is designed for a group of learners (e.g. a curriculum exists). Two distinct types of CVT courses are identified: internal and external CVT courses.

Other forms of CVT are typically connected to the active work and the active workplace, but they can also include participation (instruction) in conferences, trade fairs etc. for the purpose of learning. These other forms of CVT are often characterised by a degree of self-organisation (time, space and content) by the individual learner or by a group of learners. The content is often tailored according to the learners’ individual needs in the workplace. The following types of other forms of CVT are identified:

  • planned training through guided-on-the-job training;
  • planned training through job rotation, exchanges, secondments or study visits;
  • planned training through participation (instruction received) in conferences, workshops, trade fairs and lectures;
  • planned training through participation in learning or quality circles;
  • planned training through self-directed learning/e-learning.

Training enterprises are enterprises that provided CVT courses or other forms of CVT for their persons employed during the reference year.

A participant in CVT courses is a person who has taken part in one or more CVT courses during the reference year. Each person should be counted only once, irrespective of the number of CVT courses he or she has participated in. E.g. if a person employed has participated in two externally managed courses and one internally managed course, he or she should be counted as one participant.

The costs of CVT courses cover direct costs, participants’ labour costs and the balance of contributions (net contribution) to and receipts from training funds.

Direct course costs:

  • fees and payments for CVT courses;
  • travel and subsistence payments related to CVT courses;
  • the labour costs of internal trainers for CVT courses (direct and indirect costs);
  • the costs for training centres, training rooms and teaching materials.

Participants’ labour costs (personal absence costs) refer to the labour costs of participants for CVT courses that take place during paid working time.

Time spent on CVT courses refers to paid working time (in hours) spent on CVT courses, i.e. the time that all participants have spent in total during the reference year.

Since 2005, the CVTS contains some variables on initial vocational training (IVT). IVT within enterprises is defined as a formal education programme (or a component of it) where working time alternates between periods of practical training (workplace) and general/theoretical education (educational institution/training centre). The definition of IVT differs between CVTS waves, for details see the implementation manuals for each wave, available in CIRCABC.

The number of persons employed is defined as the total number of persons who work in the observation unit excluding persons employed holding an apprenticeship or training contract (i.e. the definition of persons employed in CVTS deviates from the one used for structural business statistics as regards the treatment of persons employed holding an apprenticeship or training contract).

For additional definitions used in CVTS and further information see the CVTS implementation manuals available in CIRCABC.

Statistical unit

Enterprises.

Statistical population

Enterprises with 10 or more persons employed belonging to certain NACE categories.

Reference area

Whole country (full territorial coverage).

Time coverage

1999, 2005, 2010, 2015

Base period

Not applicable.

Statistical processing
Source data

CVTS data are produced by the National Statistical Institute. The sampling frame used is the National Statistical Business Register (SBR), which is considered of good quality (coverage, regular updates, etc.). The sample is stratified by NACE and size classes; sampling requirements for CVTS are set in the relevant legislation documents. Survey participation for the enterprises was mandatory.

Frequency of data collection

Every 5 years.

Data collection

CVTS was a stand-alone survey.

Survey type

CVTS 4: Face-to-face (PAPI) and postal.

CVTS 5: Self-administered interview - paper assisted (PAPI, includes electronically submitted PDF version of the questionnaire) and Self-administered interview - computer assisted (CAWI with interactive online questionnaire).

Pilot test of the CVTS questionnaires was partly implemented.

Data validation

The data tools framework (application for data entry) was designed with additional controls and filters. There were added also extra checking rules by comparing the entered information between different related questions in order to confront possible inconsistent answers. Finally the data checking tool (EDIT) provided by Eurostat had been used for the data set checks. No major errors detected.

Data compilation

Not applicable.

Adjustment

Not applicable.

Quality management
Quality assurance

A set of quality criteria have been set up within the CVTS legislation (see Legal acts and other agreements).

Quality assessment

Statistics based on the CVTS are considered to be of satisfactory quality thanks to a harmonised production process (see Legal acts and other agreements). The CVTS is a sample survey and thus the results are subject to the usual statistical errors of measurement. Some issues arise from non-response.

Relevance
User needs

 

Data are used by:

Commission (DGs, Secretariat General), Council, European Parliament, other European Agencies
Ministry of Education and science, Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, Other Ministries, NSIs, etc.
Bulgarian academy of science
OECD, UN, etc.

User satisfaction

Not surveyed yet.

Completeness

Dataset covers all NACE sectors, enterprise size groups and variables as requested in the gentlemen’s agreement (CVTS 2) and in legislation  (CVTS 3, 4 and 5) (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/education-and-training/legislation).

Data completeness - rate

Not applicable.

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The overall accuracy is considered as very good, significant variations had not been observed (see Sampling errors - indicators).

Sampling error

CVTS 5:

Sampling method

Business register as of 31.12.2014 was used as a sampling frame. The sample was stratified by NACE Rev.2 (20 categories: B, C10-C12 ,C13-C15 ,C17-C18 ,C19-C23 ,C24-C25, C26-C28 and C33, C29-C30, C16+C31-32, D-E, F, G(45), G(46), G(47), I, H, J, K(64,65), K(66), L+M+N+R+S) and 3 size category (based on the number of employed). All sampling procedures were in accordance to the Commission Regulation No 1153/2014.

Estimation/grossing-up procedures

The current business register data as of 31 December 2015 for the total population was used for weighting and adjustment of the results.

The data obtained by the survey was post-stratified. The total number of poststrata was 140 (20 NACE categories used for sampling and 7 size groups (based on the number of employed).

Calculation of the coefficients of variation

All calculations of the standard errors and coeficients of variation were performed by SPSS (PASW) software, Complex Sample Analysis Module.

More information about CVTS 4's sampling method and errors could be found on CIRCABC.

Sampling errors - indicators

CVTS 4

 

Standard error for main results (Cont.)Ratio of the total number of participants in CVT courses to the total number of persons employedRatio of the total number of participants in CVT courses to the total number of persons employed in enterprises that provided CVT.Total costs of CVT courses.Total number of enterprises providing IVTTotal number of participants in IVTRatio of the total number of enterprises providing IVT to the total number of enterprises
Estimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variation
All enterprises0.2200.078930.4930.05568662957070.1481220770.05645337880.170750.0640.05624
size 10.0850.054440.4620.03624128599760.2730512980.0745668520.130560.0480.07445
size 20.1590.075660.3860.05973217405040.185595380.0991382460.196570.1150.09752
size 30.4360.096950.5570.08162316952280.260262410.17617186900.293250.3280.14494
Nace B, C, D, E0.1990.123330.4370.10393175168490.227207620.09137127900.221630.0840.09000
Nace F0.1700.154610.4010.1425220985800.306472990.1480343350.346030.0650.14819
Nace G, H, I0.1660.199530.4700.12309118081420.149166800.09878117310.374320.0520.09876
Nace J, K0.5570.115820.6910.08621277729690.310911370.2186540310.474640.1040.21977
Nace L, M, N, R, S0.2300.178300.5510.0831170991670.223332000.196699020.265800.0470.19666

CVTS 5

 

 Ratio of the total number of participants in CVT courses to the total number of persons employedRatio of the total number of participants in CVT courses to the total number of persons employed in enterprises that provided CVT coursesTotal costs of CVT coursesTotal number of enterprises providing IVTRatio of the total number of enterprises providing IVT to the total number of enterprises
Estimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variationEstimated valueCoefficient of variation
All enterprises0.2650.0380.4800.02959260279.0000.0722118.8800.0710.0760.071
size 10.1570.0630.5350.04913339565.0000.1741582.2700.0920.0700.092
size 20.2190.0530.4300.04318980969.0000.128418.4800.0980.0920.098
size 30.4000.0540.4900.04526939745.0000.099118.1300.0850.1620.084
NACE 10.3200.0740.3790.084645807.0000.0964.3300.1070.0340.108
NACE 20.1880.1210.3910.1051776372.0000.213108.3800.2270.0670.226
NACE 30.0650.1470.2250.116354982.1000.219109.3600.1880.0610.188
NACE 40.2060.0600.4850.049241229.9000.10111.2900.2570.0310.257
NACE 50.3460.0920.5020.0853977037.0000.33959.6900.2330.0630.233
NACE 60.2690.0920.3870.1033006439.0000.45453.7100.2530.0600.253
NACE 70.3690.1040.5110.0863049632.0000.28186.2000.1800.0980.181
NACE 80.2870.0600.4160.048712044.7000.0886.8400.1250.0850.124
NACE 90.1900.0960.4430.070442692.6000.20370.8400.2350.0780.234
NACE 100.2980.1550.3820.1442664856.0000.40631.8600.2670.0800.267
NACE 110.2150.1120.4190.0871283121.0000.196187.3900.2890.0670.288
NACE 120.1540.1230.3560.0941798759.0000.21340.3000.3350.0610.335
NACE 130.2530.1050.4890.0849597534.0000.251205.7800.2750.0670.276
NACE 140.3150.2160.7070.1041317172.0000.322284.5200.2310.0800.231
NACE 150.3490.0890.5400.0664364618.0000.17558.4900.2750.0310.276
NACE 160.0910.1140.3690.090278310.9000.292235.8500.1820.0920.181
NACE 17 0.4240.0560.5170.04311374875.0000.155159.4700.1900.1490.191
NACE 180.5520.0860.5950.0855958744.0000.17842.5700.1650.1520.167
NACE 190.8260.1131.1200.112713355.7000.3416.7300.2600.0540.260
NACE 200.2440.1330.4940.1075702696.0000.215355.2800.2390.0880.238

 

Non-sampling error

For survey 2010 response rate is 88.2%.

For survey 2015 response rate is 93.7%.

For more detailed information see ‘Coverage error’ section.

Coverage error

 

 CVTS 4CVTS 5
Number of enterprises in the sampling frame
(The number of enterprises in the sampling frame according to the Business register)
3242127340
Gross sample size
(The number of enterprises initially selected from the sampling frame)
52074516
Net Sample size
(The number of enterprises finally  selected)
42764216

 

Over-coverage - rate

CVTS 4: 17.9% of enterprises.

CVTS 5: 7.1% of enterprises.

Common units - proportion

Not applicable.

Measurement error

Serious issues with the measurement errors were not found.

Non response error

Unit non-response CVTS 4: 504 enterprises.

Unit non-response CVTS 5: 267 enterprises.

Unit non-response - rate

 

Divisions of non-response into categories
 CVTS 4CVTS 5
Non response rate (%)11.796.33
Non-contacts (%)7.132.56
Refusals (%)1.893.04
Inability to respond (%)-0.09
Rejected interviews (%)0.230.64
Other reasons(%)2.53-

 

Item non-response - rate

CVTS 4: no items with non-response more than 10%.

CVTS 5: item non-response rate for C7sub - 12.05%.

Processing error

No major processing errors discovered.  

Imputation - rate

CVTS 4: Average imputaion rate  - 0.42%.

CVTS 5: Average imputation rate - 12.05%

Model assumption error

Not applicable. The sampling design effect was included into calculated sampling errors.

Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable (no seasonal adjustments).

Data revision - policy

In accordance to the interior (for the NSI) rules for data dissemination.

Data revision - practice

In accordance to the interior (for the NSI) rules for data dissemination.

Data revision - average size

Not applicable.

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

Survey year

Fieldwork

Processing

Data delivery to Eurostat

2010

06-07/2011

03-06/2012

07-11/2012

201506-09/201610/2016 - 06/201706/2017

 

Time lag - first results

The first CVTS 5 results were disseminated at the NSI’s website at 30.06.2017.

Time lag - final results

To be announced (CVTS 5 results).

Punctuality

All deliverables were sent on time.

Punctuality - delivery and publication

Data is provided and published on exact date.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

 

Deviations from CVTS 4 and 5 concepts and definitions

CVTS 4 and 5 concepts and definitions

No deviations in concepts and definitions stipulated in Commission Regulation.

CVTS 4 and 5 variables

In variables B2 (B2a, B2b … etc.) the relative shares were replaced with absolute values, which were later transformed into percentages. No impact on the coherence.

There was an alternative for the enterprises to describe their economic activity instead of filling in the NACE code for A1. No impact on the coherence.

CVTS 4 and 5 questionnaire
 

No deviations from the European standard questionnaire.

 

Asymmetry for mirror flows statistics - coefficient

Not applicable (no flows).

Comparability - over time

Partially comparable due to the changes of the general methodology and the economic activities of the surveyed enterprises. Modifications have actually been made in view of improving the overall quality of CVTS and are not considered to have a serious impact on the comparability.

Key indicators

 

CVTS 3 (2005)

CVTS 4 (2010)

CVTS 5 (2015)

Enterprises providing training - % of all enterprises

28.7

31.2

42.2

Enterprises providing CVT courses - % of all enterprises

21.0

20.5

31.9

Participants in CVT courses - % of persons employed in all enterprises

14.8

22.0

26.5

Participants in CVT courses - % of persons employed in enterprises providing CVT courses

33.0

49.3

48.0

Cost of CVT courses - cost per person employed in all enterprises

18.6

46.2

88.4

Cost of CVT courses - cost per person employed in enterprises providing CVT courses

40.7

103.4

160.7

Enterprises employing IVT participants - % of all enterprises

4.4

6.4

7.6

 

Length of comparable time series

Not applicable.

Coherence - cross domain

CVTS data has been compared with Structural Business Statistics data with regard to number of persons employed. Full comparability is not possible due to differences in methodology.

Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not applicable.

Coherence - National Accounts

Not applicable.

Coherence - internal

CVTS results for a given reference year are based on the same microdata and results are calculated using the same estimation methods, therefore the data are internally coherent.

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Not avaliable.

Publications

Statistics explained

Bulgarian national publications had been issued for previous waves before CVTS 4 and are available in BNSI library.

On-line database

Data on Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS) are available to all users on the NSI's website under the heading Education and Lifelong Learning: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/4923 and on Informational System "Infostat": https://infostat.nsi.bg/infostat/pages/module.jsf?x_2=167

Data tables - consultations

Not avaliable.

Micro-data access

In accordance to the interior (for the NSI) Rules for Provision of Anonymised Individual Data for Scientific and Research Purposes (http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/12152/).

Other

Information services by order in accordance to the Rules for Dissemination of Statistical Products and Services (http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/12408/).

Metadata - consultations

Not avaliable.

Documentation on methodology

For each wave of the CVTS a detailed implementation manual is available which contains definitions and additional methodological explanations, a European standard questionnaire and the code book.

The implementation manuals are available in CIRCABC.

 

Metadata completeness – rate

Not applicable.

Quality documentation

CVTS 3: the EU quality report is available in CIRCABC.

CVTS 4: the EU quality report as well as national quality reports are available in CIRCABC.

CVTS 5: to be announced.

Cost and burden

Staff involved in administering survey:

4 experts from Department ‘Education and Culture statistics’ – responsible for survey organization, implementation of methodology, preparation of the national questionnaire, sampling, data processing, preparation of EU dataset and quality report, data dissemination;

1 expert from Department ‘Information and Application Software’ – responsible for preparation of informatics tool.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality – data treatment

Data are disseminated in aggregated form. Due to confidentiality issues data are presented for groups of NACE and enterprise size classes. Estimates are systematically based on at least three enterprises; where necessary, additional restrictions are applied.

Comment
Download in SDMX 2.1 file format: Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS4)
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESQRS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Download in SDMX 2.0 file format: Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS4)
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESQRS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml
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