‘Statistics’ Magazine, Issue 2/2019

The National Statistical Institute informs users of statistical information that Issue 2 for 2019 of “Statistics” Magazine is published on the NSI’s website. The issue is in Bulgarian language with summaries in Bulgarian, English and Russian and includes sections as follows:
  • Theory and methodology of statistical studies
  • Statistical surveys and analyses
  • The Bulgarian statistics in three centuries
  • Information, reviews, consultations

The section Theory and Methodology of the Statistical Surveys includes the article:

  • Coherence and differences between Big Data and representative statistical surveys - Authors Dr. Bogdan Bogdanov Deputy President of the National Statistical Institute - Sofia and Dr. Galya Stateva, National Statistical Institute - Sofia

The article deals with issues, problems and peculiarities of statistical surveys in official statistics and those that are carried out with Big Data. Recognized is the fact that globalization and technology in all spheres of society apply pressure in regard of the control and management of processes in the national and international aspects. For the purpose of this management, the most reliable and dynamic information is needed. The issue of sources remains open.
First of all, there are the existing differences between Big Data and sampling statistical surveys. The article discusses the general principles in this respect. The conclusion is that the principles and tasks of official statistics need to be supplemented and updated in line with changes in the national and global societal developments.

Consider are the opportunities to use statistical approaches and methods in Big Data analysis. This situation predetermines the necessity to master the information force stored in Big Data.

Following a certain sequence of style, the article presents a vision for the future of statistical surveys by the use of Big Data.

The section Statistical surveys and analysis includes the articles:

  •  Neoliberalism, multiculturalism, human rights and their statistical coverage - Author Prof. Dimitar Arkadiev, Corresponding Member of BASA
Some basic principles, views and practical actions related to liberalism and neo-liberalism, for equality/differences between people by gender, sexual orientation, ethno-cultural and other characteristics are discussed. A critical evaluation of these views compared with their actual reflection in reality. Statistical coverage and coverage of equality/diversity is considered. Particular attention is being paid to the system of indicators, proposed by the UN Statistical Commission, to characterize differences in gender, known as ‘gender statistics’. Two concrete examples of data on the wages of the people employed in Bulgaria by gender are developed in combination with other characteristics - age, education, profession and economic activity. The results confirm the thesis of liberalism that women's wages are lower. This does not reflect the whole complexity and historical conditionality of that difference. The second example relates to the growth of the number of persons of Roma ethnicity in some countries of Southeast Europe, according to data from population censuses after the Second World War (1939 - 1945). Tracked are some occurring trends and the impact of the ‘A Decade of Roma Inclusion (2005 - 2015)’. The main conclusion is that the initiative, for which considerable financial and other resources have been spent, is more conducive to differentiation than to the integration of the Roma ethnic group with the rest of the respective country's population. State of the adult learning sector according to the main internationally comparable statistical indicators - Author Stoyan Baev, Ministry of Education and Science - Sofia

The annual education and training analyses prepared by the European Commission for each of the EU Member States provide an opportunity to look for further data for our country and to analyse some new aspects of the observed processes in the adult learning sector. The 2020 Education and Training 2020 Strategy, through the EC-defined indicators, sets out the targets set by each country to be achieved by 2020 in the following specific thematic areas:

  • Participation of the population aged 25 - 64 in formal or informal education or training - four weeks period;
  • Early- dropouts from education and training aged 18 - 24;
  • Educational structure of the population - higher education graduates from 30-34 years of age;
  • Employment of the population aged 20 - 64.

The article, based on a brief analysis of the data on the target indicators for Bulgaria under the EU strategic framework ‘Education and Training 2020’, presents the state and trends of the adult learning sector and some new aspects of the observed processes. Additional measures are proposed to the current ones in order to support efforts to overcome the lag in some specific areas of education and training and to achieve progress. Along with this, an attempt has been made to show how statistics and analyses of education can be used directly to propose policy measures and policy-making.

Finally, it is noted that so far the adult learning sector has made a substantial amount of work and that the implementation of the measures proposed to achieve more favourable values across the individual indicators can contribute to further improvement of the state of the sector for the period until 2020.

The section The Bulgarian statistics in three sentries includes the article:

  •  Prof. Zdravko Sugarev - Author Prof. Martha Sugareva, University of Plovdiv ‘Paisii Hilendarski’

Zdravko Sugarev is a prominent Bulgarian mathematician, statistician and economist of the twentieth century. Professor at Carl Marx Higher Institute of Economics, now UNWE. Founder of the Mathematics Department at the University of National and World Economy (1963).

He was born on January 9, 1909, in the town of Kyustendil.

Prof. Zdravko Sugarev is founder and first head of the Department of Mathematics at the Higher School of Economics ‘K. Marx’ - Sofia, now UNWE. He also teaches probability theory classes and demographic statistics at the Department of Statistics at the same university (1952 - 1976). He works as a professor at the Institute of Economics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Economic and Mathematical Laboratory). Reads lectures at the Sofia University ‘St. Kliment Ohridski’, Higher Agricultural Institute (Plovdiv), Higher postgraduate school; consultant at the Research Institute of Statistics at the Central Statistical Administration (now National Statistical Institute).

He is the author of numerous scientific papers in the field of probability theory, statistics (mostly demographic statistics) and other economic sciences - accounting, finance, labour resources and others.

He died on 29 March 1993 in Sofia.

The section Information, reviews, consultations presents the following information:  

  • The professional associations of Bulgarian statisticians - Author Sonya Zlatanova, National Statistical Institute - Sofia

In its 138-year history, statisticians in Bulgaria have set up three professional associations - in 1947, 1990 and 1999.

The first professional association of statisticians in Bulgaria was founded on 26 February 1947 and is called Bulgarian Statistical Society. The Constituent Assembly approved the Statute of the company and elected the first Management and Control Board.

On October 26, 1990 was established the second professional association of statisticians in Bulgaria. Representatives of the Department of Statistics at the University of National and World Economy, Department of Statistics of the University of Economics, Varna, Department of Mathematics and Statistics at the Economic Academy ‘D. A. Tsenov’ - Svishtov, and other higher education institutions, the leadership of the Central Statistical Office, prominent representatives of statistical science and practice, after extensive discussions and exchange of opinions established a Union of Statisticians in Bulgaria.

On December 16, 1999 at the University of National and World Economy is held the Constituent Assembly of a non-profit voluntary non-profit organization called Association of Statisticians in Bulgaria. Participants in the Constituent Assembly are employees of the National Statistical Institute, the Ministry of Finance, the Centre for Economic Development, representatives of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, the Sofia University ‘St. Kliment Ohridski’ University, University of National and World Economy in Sofia, South-West University in Blagoevgrad, University of Economics in Varna, Economic Academy ‘D. A. Tsenov’ in Svishtov, Thracian University in Stara Zagora and others, statisticians working in private companies or freelancers, as well as students from master programs in the specialty ‘Statistics and econometrics’.

Annual subscription (4 issues): EUR 22
Price per issue 2/2019: EUR 7
 
The publication can be purchased at:
• Multi-Domain Statistics and User Services Directorate, NSI,
‘P. Volov’ № 2 Str., Sofia 1038.
• The Regional statistical offices of the NSI.
 
Payment is made:
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‘P. Volov’ № 2 Str., Sofia 1038.
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