ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)
National Statistical Institute
|Contact organisation unit|
Science, Innovation and Information Society Department
|Contact person function|
|Contact mail address|
2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria
|Contact email address|
|Contact phone number|
+359 2 9857 167
|Contact fax number|
The statistical survey on innovation activity is conducted every even year and the observation period covered by the survey is the three-year period.
The survey provides internationally comparable information on product and process innovations as well as on organisational and marketing innovations introduced in the enterprises in Bulgaria.
· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG-2008);
· Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS).
Units of observation are all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more employees engaged primarily in the following economic activities (NACE.BG-2008): Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Transportation and storage; Information and communication; Financial and insurance activities; Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis; Scientific research and development; Advertising and market research.
|Statistical concepts and definitions|
An innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service) or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations. Innovations are based on the results of new technological developments, new combinations of existing technology or the utilisation of other knowledge acquired by an enterprise.
A product innovation is the introduction of a good or service that is new or significantly improved with respect to its characteristics or intended uses. This includes significant improvements in technical specifications, components and materials, incorporated software, user friendliness or other functional characteristics.
A process innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved production or delivery method. This includes significant changes in techniques, equipment and/or software. Process innovations can be intended to decrease unit costs of production or delivery, to increase quality, or to produce or deliver new or significantly improved products.
An organisational innovation is a new organisational method in an enterprise?s business practices (including knowledge management), workplace organisation or external relations that has not been previously used by the enterprise. It must be the result of strategic decisions taken by management; this excludes mergers or acquisitions, even if for the first time.
A marketing innovation is the implementation of a new marketing method involving significant changes in product design or packaging, product placement, product promotion or pricing. Marketing innovations are aimed at better addressing customer needs, opening up new markets, or newly positioning a firm?s product on the market, with the objective of increasing the firm?s sales. This excludes seasonal, regular and other routine changes in marketing methods.
Innovation co-operation is active participation with other enterprises or institutions on innovation activities. Pure contracting out of work with no active co-operation in innovation projects is not considered as a co-operation.
The Innovation survey is exhaustive and the statistical population includes all non-financial and financial enterprises with 10 or more employees engaged in the economic activities (NACE.BG-2008) referred to in item Sector coverage.
The data refer to the activities of non-financial and financial enterprises carried out in the country.
Since 2004 - the last reference year (only the even years).
Statistical survey on innovation activity of enterprises.
|Frequency of data collection|
Every even year.
Exhaustive survey of all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more employees. Data are collected using a paper and electronic (on-line) questionnaire included in the annual reports on the activities of enterprises.
Data validation is done through arithmetic and logic control of input data and comparison of the output data with the results of previous surveys and data from administrative sources.
The Innovation survey is exhaustive survey and no estimates are made.
Statistical practices used to compile the data on innovation activity of enterprises are in compliance with Oslo Manual recommendations.
Performed by standard criteria for quality assessment - relevance, accuracy and reliability, timeliness, comparability and coherence.
Main users of the data on innovation activity of enterprises are ministries, research institutions and other users in the country, as well as Eurostat and other international organizations.
Not conducted the satisfaction survey.
In accordance with Regulation (EU) No 995/2012 of the Commission the required data completeness is ensured for all variables.
|Data completeness - rate|
Data are produced in all required breakdowns for the obligatory variables according to Regulation (EU) No 995/2012. Additional data breakdowns are also compiled in order to satisfy user needs.
|Accuracy and reliability|
The statistical data are of good accuracy and reliability.
The survey is exhaustive and there are no sampling errors.
|Sampling errors - indicators|
The survey is exhaustive and there are no sampling errors.
There are no indications for coverage errors.
|Over-coverage - rate|
There is no over-coverage.
|Common units - proportion|
In order to minimize the measurement errors, because of misunderstanding of the respondents, the questionnaire on innovation activity of enterprises is attended with methodological explanatory notes in line with Oslo Manual recommendations.
|Non response error|
Actions to reduce the non-response include sending the reminder letters, supplemented if needed, by telephone calls and/or direct contact with the respondents for collection of data.
|Unit non-response - rate|
Unit non-response error is within 1%.
|Item non-response - rate|
There is not item non-response error.
Processing errors are negligible due to extensive arithmetic and logical checking control of data.
|Imputation - rate|
|Model assumption error|
|Data revision - policy|
|Data revision - practice|
|Data revision - average size|
|Timeliness and punctuality|
Data are published 18 months after the end of the reference period.
|Time lag - first results|
|Time lag - final results|
Final data - 18 months after the end of the reference period.
Deadlines for the data delivery on innovation activity of enterprises, specified in the Release Calendar, are strictly followed.
|Punctuality - delivery and publication|
Data on innovation activity of enterprises are published at the date specified in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the NSI.
|Coherence and comparability|
|Comparability - geographical|
In order to ensure comparability across countries, Eurostat, in close cooperation with the EU Member States and other countries developed a standard core questionnaire for each CIS, with an accompanying set of definitions and methodological recommendations which are adopted by all countries and are fully consistent with the definitions in the methodological manual "Oslo."
|Asymmetry for mirror flows statistics - coefficient|
|Comparability - over time|
Data are comparable over time.
|Length of comparable time series|
|Coherence - cross domain|
Data obtained from the Innovation survey are coherent with R&D data.
|Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics|
|Coherence - National Accounts|
|Coherence - internal|
|Accessibility and clarity|
Regular press release
· Statistical Yearbook;
· Statistical Reference book
Data are available for all users on the NSI website and on NSI information system INFOSTAT under the heading R&D, Innovation and Information Society.
|Data tables - consultations|
According to Rules for provision of anonymised individual data for scientific and research purposes of the National Statistical Institute.
Information service on request, according to the Rules for dissemination of statistical products and services of NSI.
|Metadata - consultations|
|Documentation on methodology|
Methodological manual 'Oslo' (Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data - Oslo Manual, OECD, 2005).
|Metadata completeness – rate|
Quality reports on Innovation statistics.
|Cost and burden|
|Confidentiality - policy|
· Law on Statistics;
· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
|Confidentiality – data treatment|
The individual (primary) data are confidential according to the Law on Statistics and European legislation. To ensure their protection and inability to be identified, the aggregated indicators are also defined as confidential when the indicator is calculated from one or two enterprises or one enterprise formed more than 85% of the total value of this indicator.